Our plantation was built in 1985 and it reaches approximately 96,000 hectares (960 km2) in size. It was established for crop intensification reason and maintained by Indonesian company, PT Riau Sakti United Plantations (RSUP), as a hybrid coconut (Cocos nucifera) plantation until now. It is located in Riau province of Indonesia, specifically within Pulau Burung sub-district of Indragiri Hilir regency. Our plantation is globally recognized as the world’s first successful coconut plantation that is built on porous peat soil.
Peat soil is fertile and suitable for coconut cultivation but the highly porous soil allows too much water seepage and excessive evaporation which become more serious during the dry seasons. This issue was effectively addressed by our team and PT RSUP through the construction of an ingenious irrigation network that will be further explained in the water management section of this website. The network has been acknowledged as first of its kind in the world.
Situated in the tropical zone with a rainfall of over 2,500mm per annum, the climate serves to be conducive for planting pineapples (Ananas comosus). Seizing this opportunity, part of the plantation has also been converted into sustainable pineapple farm since the early 1990s.
Moreover, the plantation also has its own nursery for its hybrid coconut seed and equipped with a competently staffed Research and Advisory Laboratory to support its research and development efforts in keeping the plantation highly productive through the most environmentally, economically, and socially sustainable manners.
Recently, it has also started an experimental multiple cropping project around its office area known as the Kilometer 9 (KM9). Through this pilot project, several other crop species such as Hylocereus spp. (dragon fruit/Patahaya), Aloe vera, and Allium cepa (red onion), have been observed to have the ability to survive and be cultivated in the similar type of lands. Our foundation plans to facilitate further on this through research and development project on more essential Indonesian crops including rice (Oryza sativa), corn (Zea mays), and soya bean (Glycine max).
In addition to that, our plantation has also been identified as a home for at least 64 bird species that live and thrive amongst all parts of our plantation. Together with the abundance of other plant and animal species and a growing number of people whose livelihoods depend on our plantation, the area has been evolving as a harmonious ecosystem and we strongly intend to preserve it that way.